Lucinda Baker, PhD, PT

Adjunct Associate Professor

(323) 442-2904



Mailing Address:

Current Research:

Professional Interests
Dr. Baker is the Director of the Clinical Electrophysiology Laboratory. Her research focus is on the evaluation of the human nervous system, specifically assessing the state of motoneuron and interneuron excitability at the level of the spinal cord. Dr. Baker teaches in the areas of electrophysiology, neurophysiology and neuroanatomy.
  • University of Southern California, LA, CA, PhD, 1985, Physical Therapy
  • University of Southern California, LA, CA, MS, 1977, Physical Therapy
  • University of Southern California, LA, CA, BS, 1972, Physical Therapy
Selected Publications
  • Popovic J, Baker LL, Loeb GE:  Recruitment and Comfort of BION implanted electrical stimulation: implications for FES applications.  IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Sciences, 15:577-586, 2007.
  • Newsam C, Baker LL:   The effect of an electrical stimulation facilitation program on the recruitment of motor units in hemiparetic patients.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 85: 2004.
  • Ragnarsson KT, Baker LL: The physiologic aspects and clinical applications of functional electrical stimulation in rehabilitation; in The Physiological Basis of Rehabilitation Medicine 3rd ed.; Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MA 2001 pp 723-745.
  • Souza GM, Baker LL, Powers CM: EMG activity of selected trunk muscles during dynamic spine stabilization exercises. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 82:1551-1557, 2001.
  • Baker LL, Wederich CL, McNeal DR, Newsam CJ, Waters RL: NeuroMuscular Electrical Stimulation – A Practical Guide 4th ed. Los Amigos Research and Educational Institute, Downey, CA 2000.
  • Baker LL: Clinical uses of neuromusuclar electrical stimulation; in Clinical Electrotherapy 3rd ed.; RM Nelson, KW Hayes eds; Appleton & Lang, Norwalk, CN 1999.
  • Gilcreast DM, Stotts NA, Froelicher ES, Baker LL, Moss KM: Effect of electrical stimulation on foot skin perfusion in persons with or at risk for diabetic foot ulcers. Wound Repair & Regeneration 6:343-441, 1998.
  • Baker LL, Chambers R, DeMuth SK, Villar F: Effects of electrical stimulation on wound healing in patients with diabetic ulcers. Diabetes Care 20:405-412, 1997.
  • Baker LL, Rubayi S, Villar F, DeMuth S: The effects of electrical stimulation on healing in patients with spinal cord injury. Wound Repair & Regeneration 4:21-28, 1996.
  • Gardner ER, Baker LL: Functional electrical stimulation of paralytic muscle. In, Dynamic of Human Biologic Tissues: DP Currier, RM Nelson eds. FA Davis, Philadelphia, PA pp182-204, 1992.
  • McNeal DR, Baker LL, Symons J: Recruitment data for nerve cuff electrodes; Implications for design of implantable stimulators; IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 36:301-308, 1989.
  • Baker LL, Bowman BR, McNeal DR: Effects of waveform on comfort during neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Clin Ortho Rel Res 233:75-85, 1988
    McNeal DR, Baker LL: Effects of joint angle, electrodes and waveform on electrical stimulation of the quadriceps and hamstrings. Ann Biomed Eng 16:299-310, 1988.
  • Baker LL, Chandler SH: Characterization of hindlimb motoneuron membrane properties in acute and chronic spinal cats. Brain Res 420:333-339, 1987.
  • Baker LL, Chandler SH: Characterization of postsynaptic potentials evoked by sural nerve stimulation in hindlimb motoneurons from acute and chronic spinal cats. Brain Res 420:340-350, 1987
  • Baker LL, Parker K: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation of the muscles surrounding the shoulder. Phys Ther 66:1930-1937, 1986
  • Bowman B, Baker LL: Effects of waveform parameters on comfort during transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Ann Biomed Eng 13:59-74, 1985.
  • Baker LL, Chandler SH, Goldberg LJL-Dopa induced locomotor-like activity observed in ankle flexor and extensor nerves of chronic and acute spinal cats. Exper Neurol 86:515-526, 1984.
  • Chandler SH, Baker LL, Goldberg LJ: Characterization of synaptic potentials in hindlimb extensor motoeneurons during L-Dopa induced fictive locomotion in acute and chronic spinal cats. Brain Res 303:91-100, 1984.
  • Baker LL, Parker K, Sanderson D: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for the head-injured patient. Phys Ther 63:1967-1974, 1983.
  • Bowman B, Baker L, Waters R: Positional feedback and electrical stimulation: An automated treatment for the hemiplegic wrist. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 60:497-502, 1980.
  • Baker LL, Yeh C, Wilson D, Waters R: Electrical stimulation of wrist and fingers for hemiplegic patients. Phys Ther 59:1495-1499, 1979.